Usage: Only vs. just
A lot of the time, you can replace ONLY with JUST.
For example, when “only” is used as adverb:
(1) 僅僅; 只有, merely
This is only a test. = This is just a test.
(2) 至少, At the very least
If you would only come to see us. = If you would just come to see us.
(3) 僅有地, And nothing else or more
I only work here. = I just work here.
(4) 獨有地, Exclusively; solely
These sales are only available to us. = These sales are just available to us.
These sales are available to us only.
You cannot say: “These sales are available to us just”. The grammar is incorrect.
(5) 只會, In the final outcome:
Your words will only aggravate him. = Your words will just aggravate him.
(6)(結果) 只是, Nevertheless:
He went to the party only to find out that everyone had left. = He went to the party just to find out that everyone had left.
(7) 最近, as recently as
He came home only last week. = He came home just last week.
When only is used as a conjunction, you cannot replace only with just.
(1) 但是, 然而
The toys are for sale, only they have been marked up.
If you want to replace this sentence with “just”, you need to change it to:
The toys are for sale, just that they have been marked up.
These are situations where you cannot replace JUST with ONLY.
(1) 正確地; 確實地, Precisely; exactly:
He has just enough cash to buy the grocery. (恰好有足夠的)
= He has exactly enough cash to buy the grocery.
The meaning is slightly different when you say: “He has only enough cash to buy the grocery”, which means: “He has merely enough cash to buy the grocery” (只有足夠的)
(2) 剛才, within a brief preceding time; but a moment before
He just arrived.
(3) 勉強地; 差一點, by a narrow margin; barely
He just caught the bus before it pulled away
(4) At a little distance
It is just down the road.
(5) 實在地, simply
It's just magnificent!
(6) 可能, perhaps
I just may go.
When they are used as adjectives 形容詞, they are not interchangeable.
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