Which vs. Where:
1. I like to go to a park which is very quiet 這裡的which是不是可以換成where呢?
=> No. 用法有些不同
(A) I like to go to a park which is very quiet.
= I like to go to a park that is very quiet.
=> which, that (關代)
a park - 名詞 (先行詞)
Which, that - 關代
Which is very quiet, that is very quiet -形容詞子句
** The park is very quiet.
It is a very quiet park.
形容詞子句當修飾人或物, 用 who, whom, which, that 等關係代名詞連接。
(B) 換成where, 句子需要改為
I like to go to a park where it is very quiet.
= I like to go to a park in which it is very quiet.
** It is very quiet in the park.
Which vs. That
Have you ever heard a story which touched your heart? 這裡的which等於that嗎?
什麼時候不使用which? 什麼時候不使用that ?
Have you ever heard a story which touched your heart?
= Have you ever heard a story that touched your heart?
以下情況使用that 較使用which更為恰當, 但使用which也沒有錯
(a) 在代名詞之後: all, any, anything, every, everything, few, little, many, much, no, nothing, none, some, something
He is all that she ever wants.
(b) 在回答 “what”的動詞之後: 例如: say, suggest, state, declare, hope, think, write, 等情況下：
(What does he suggest?)
He suggests that we wait for a few more days.
She is the tallest girl that I have ever seen.
(d) 在序數之後: 例如: first, second, third, fourth,…
He is the third person that does not criticize me.
It is a crime that nobody can solve.
=> 非限定用法不能使用 that.
非限定用法的形容詞子句與主句之間有加逗點分離. 關係代名詞 “that” 不可用於非限定用法, 關係代名詞於非限定用法不可省略
關代的限定用法 vs. 非限定用法?
(a) Employers who care for their employees have higher employee satisfaction. (限定用法)
= Employers that care for their employees have higher employee satisfaction. (限定用法)
** Employers have higher employee satisfaction. (形容詞子句從句子移除，主句的意思改變 -限定用法)
(b) My brother-in-law (who was) awarded with a Nobel Prize is 19 years old. (I have many brother-in-laws. I am talking about the brother-in-law who was awarded with a Nobel Prize)
非限定用法, 所指的只此一個, 所提供的資料是附加補充的
(a) Reading books, which I often do, help to increase my knowledge. （非限定用法）
Reading books help to increase my knowledge. (基本含義並沒有改變)
(b) My brother-in-law, who was awarded with a Nobel Prize, is 19 years old. (I have only one brother-in-law and he is 19 years old. By the way, he got a Nobel Prize. )
我的姐夫獲得了諾貝爾獎, 他19歲 (我只有一個姐夫)
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