The differences among cohortative mood (勸告語氣), the imperative mood (祈使語氣) and the jussive mood (命令語氣).
A. Cohortative (勸告語氣) is a volitive mood of the 1st person, a plural form of exhortation, used to express plea, wish, desire, and intent.
1. Let us pray
=> I am making a suggestion to us that we pray.
2. Let us sit
=> I am suggesting that we sit.
3. Let’s go (somewhere).
=> I am suggesting that we go (somewhere).
B. Imperative (祈使語氣) is the volitive mood of the 2nd person, used to express commands, direct requests, and prohibitions.
1. (You) Do it now.
2. (You) Let my people go.
=> I am commanding you to let my people go.
3. (You) Let us go (free).
To avoid confusion, an uncontraction form of "let us" is used in forming the imperative mood; while “let’s” in the cohortative mood.
C. Jussive (命令語氣) is is a volitive mood of the 2nd or 3rd person, used to express plea, wish, desire, and intent.
Do your homework now.
=> I want you to do your homework now.
Let them stay where they are.
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