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"Copyright by Elisa English" ** The views expressed are mine only and do not represent the views of my employer or anyone else. ** 嚴重聲明: Elisa English 文章版權所有 - 請勿竊取. **沒有得到我 (Elisa English) 的許可不可轉貼我的文章及翻譯。請刪除在您的部落格裡我的所有文章及翻譯, 否則我將採取法律行動。 Legal actions will be taken if copyright infringement is found. ** 為阻止有人來鬧場, 我不得不限制誰可以在我部落格留言。 想要留言給我,你首先需要一個pixnet帳戶,如有不當留言,將被列入黑名單. 文章迴響只限好友. 悄悄話留言只能悄悄話答覆, 不過可能會整理後發表非隱私部分, 以供大家學習. 文章將不時校對和更新。如您發現任何用字錯誤或錯別字,請告知. 勿登廣告或求代寫功課. 歡迎中文留言. 但我的答覆一律以英文為主. 盡可能在一至10天內回應, 但可能更久, 因我也有自己的工作,家庭和生活.

Conditional – Misc.:

 

Type 1 - Present Real:

You will be punished unless you stop that behavior instantly.

=> You will be punished if you do not stop that behavior instantly.

 

I hope that Charlie comes to our house for dinner tonight.

 

 

Type 2 - Present Unreal:

If John were to give up on drinking coffee, he would be feeling miserable all day.

=> It is highly unlikely that John will give up on drinking coffee as he will be feeling miserable all day.

 

If I were to be assigned to work on ten projects at a time, I would die from stress.

=> It is fortunate that I am not assigned with ten projects at a time, so I can avoid dying from stress.

 

If only I had more time, I would be able to juggle all the workload.

=> I have very little time, so I am unable to juggle all the workload.

 

I wish I had more time, so I would be able to juggle all the workload.

=> I have very little time, so I am unable to juggle all the workload.

 

What if John married Sarah?  Would that make things any better? 

=> It is highly unlikely that John will marry Sarah and even if he does, it is not going to make things any better.

 

Supposing the sun rose in the west.

=> It is impossible that the sun will rise in the west.

 

He talks as if he knew it all.

= He talks as though he knew it all.

=> In reality, he does not know.

 

 

Type 2 - Future Unreal:

If Advance Computer were to lay off any more people the next month, the production line would be seriously impacted.

=> Advanced Computer is not likely to lay off any more people the next month, so the production line will not be seriously impacted.

 

If I should grow to be like a giant, I would have trouble buying clothes.

= Should I grow to be like a giant, I would have trouble buying clothes.

=> It is unlikely that I will grow to be like a giant, so I don’t have trouble buying clothes.

 

 

Type 3 - Past Unreal

If Joe were to have been laid off, he would have lost his house from missing mortgage payments.

=> Luckily, Joe was not laid off, so he was able to keep his house without missing any mortgage payment.

 

I wish I had given him my phone number.

=> Too bad.  I did not give him my phone call, so he could not call me.

 

If only I had purchased the house.

=> I did not purchase the house and I am regretting now.

 

What if John had married Sarah?  Would that have make things any better? 

=> John did not marry Sarah.  Even if he did, it is questionable that it would change anything in the past.  

 

Supposing Tim had won the lottery.

=> Tim did not win the lottery, so he is still poor.

 

Previous => 條件句 6-7: Mixed Conditional (混合條件句)

 

 

 

 

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  • Hi Elisa,I'm wondering if I can change this sentence:Type 3 - Past Unreal
    If Joe were to have been laid off, he would have lost his house from missing mortgage payments.
    toIf Joe had been laid off,...Or do we use 'were to' here just for stressing "intention" "planning to"?Thanks for your suggestion about the book for writing.
  • No.  "were to" is used to express "extremely unlikely" or "unthinkably horrible". 
    The meaning of the sentence will change if you remove the words.

    elisaenglish 於 2009/05/12 13:05 回覆