Noun Clause:

 

1.  A noun clause can be a subject of a verb.

名詞子句動詞的主詞

 

For examples:

(a)  That she can come to our party is really fantastic.

=> Subject 主詞- “That she can come to our party” (noun clause 名詞子句)

Verb 動詞- “is”

 

(b)  What lies ahead is unknown.

(c)  Whether she has survived remains a mystery.

(d)  However it is done is fine with me.

(e)  Whatever Joey does will not impact the outcome.

 

2.  A noun clause can be an object of a verb.

名詞子句動詞的受詞

 

For examples:

(a)  We hope that John will come.

=> Verb 動詞- “hope”

Object 受詞- “that John will come” (noun clause 名詞子句)

 

(b)  I don’t know if he is coming.

(c)  I can’t tell whether he is coming or not.

(d)  John has to decide whether to stay here with his parents or (to) move to another city with his girlfriend.

(e)  Mary has to choose which college she wants to attend.

(f)  Can you tell which picture was taken in Paris ?

(g)  I cannot locate where the book is.

(h)  I will eat whatever is good for me.

(i)  I will marry whoever proposes to me first.

(j)  I know that he is a good boy.

(k)  I believe that a man is innocent until proven guilty.

(l)  I wonder what lies ahead of us.

 

(m)  Even though I like what he did for me, I cannot accept his proposal.

=> This is a noun clause inside an adverb clause. 名詞子句在副詞子句.  The adverb clause 副詞子句 - Even though I like what he did for me.

副詞子句主詞 - "I."

副詞子句動詞- “like”

副詞子句受詞 -“what he did for me”.

 

(n)  I know that there are things that never have been funny, and never will be. (Dorothy Parker)

=> This is an adjective clause inside a noun clause. 形容詞子句 (“that never have been funny”) 名詞子句 (“that there are things that never have been funny”)

 

(o)  The boy who argues that democracy is not for everyone is under scrutiny.

=> (This is a noun clause inside an adjective clause. 名詞子句 (“that democracy is not for everyone”) 在形容詞子句 (“who argues that democracy is not for everyone”)

 

 

3.  A noun clause can be a subject complement.

名詞子句主詞補語

 

For examples:

(a)  His ignorance is that he always claims to know everything.

=> Subject 主詞 – His ignorance

Verb 動詞- “is”

Subject Complement 主詞補語– “that he always claims to know everything.” (noun clause 名詞子句)

 

(b)  The problem is that nobody knows how to fix it.

(c)  The issue is whether this can be fixed or not.

(d)  The lunch is whatever is served on the table.

(e)  The benefit of working in this company is that the work hours are flexible.

 

4.  A noun clause can be an object of a preposition

名詞子句當介系詞受詞

 

For examples:

(a)  He comments on whatever I say.

=> Subject 主詞 – “He”

Verb 動詞- “comments”

Preposition 介系詞– “on”

Object 受詞– “whatever I say” (noun clause 名詞子句)

 

(b)  John likes to listen to whatever music is on the radio.

(c)  I will not put up with what you did.  

(d)  Mary will give this cake to whoever provides the correct answer.

(e)  He will not go after what Joey has promised.

 

5.  A noun clause (but not a noun) can be an adjective complement:

名詞子句當形容補語

 

For examples:

(a)  He is glad that he can still graduate.

=> Subject 主詞 – “He”

Verb 動詞- “is”

Adjective 形容詞– “glad”

Adjective complement 形容補語– “that he can still graduate” (noun clause 名詞子句)

 

(b)  Mary is sad that Joe will not marry her. 

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