1. Personal Pronouns - 人稱代名詞:
  • a.  Subjective (Personal) Pronouns - 人稱代名詞主格
  • b.  Objective (Personal) Pronouns - 人稱代名詞受格
  • c.  Possessive (Personal) Pronouns - 人稱代詞所有格
  • d.  Reflexive Pronouns - 反身代

 

 

 Subjective

 Objective

  Possessive

  Reflexive

 Singular

 1st person

  I

  me

  my, mine

  myself

 

 2nd person

  you

  you

  your, yours

  yourself

 

 3rd person

  he

  him

  his

  himself

 

 

  she

  her

  her hers

  herself

 

 

  it

  it

  its

  itself

 Plural

 1st person

  we

  us

  our, ours

  ourselves

 

 2nd person

  you

  you

  your, yours

  yourselves

 

 3rd person

  they

  them

  their, theirs

  themselves

 

a.  A subjective personal pronoun acts as the subjects of the sentence.

For example:

  1. 1.  I live in Minneapolis, MN.
  2. 2.  John got laid off last month.  He is still unemployed as we speak.
  3. 3.  We would like to throw a baby shower for Jane.
  4. 4.  You have such a nerve to show up in front of me after ruining my life.

 

b.  An objective personal pronoun acts as an object of a verb, preposition or infinitive phrase:

 For example:

  1. 1.  I saw Jane the other day but forgot to invite her to our party.
  2. 2.  I have already returned you the book I borrowed from you.
  3. 3.  I was going to meet the boys after recess but I could not find them

 

c.  A possessive personal pronoun acts as a subject complement or a subject of the sentence.  It defines ownership and relationship. 

 For example:

  1. 1.  The shiniest shoes in the room are mine.
    • =>  "mine" functions as a subject complement.
  2. 2.  Ours (Our flower) is the prettiest flower in the show room.
    • => "Ours" function as the subject of the sentence.

 

** Possessive adjectives are: my, your, its, his, her, our, their

 

d.  A reflexive pronoun is used as an object to replace the objective-case form in referring to the same entity as the subject.  A reflexive pronoun is used to indicate that the object of the verb is the same person as the subject of the sentence.   

For example:

  1. 1.  John hurt himself when he accidentally slammed the door on his fingers.

**Reflexive pronouns are similar in the form as intensive pronouns. 

 

e.  Intensive Pronouns - 調: 強調主詞或受詞

A reflexive pronoun is also called an intensive pronoun when it is used to give more emphasis to the subject or object.  In this case, the meaning of the sentence does not change when the pronoun is remove.

 

For example:

  1. 1.  I did it myself. => I did it.  (an intensive pronoun: the meaning did not change)
  2. 2.  We ourselves accomplished the entire task. => We accomplished the entire task.  (an intensive pronoun:  the sentence is still right.)
  3. 3.  They approach the President himself directly.  => They approach the President directly.  (an intensive pronoun)
  4. 4.  John hurt himself.  (not an intensive pronoun) => John hurt. (X)

 

 

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