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The Writing of Satire

 

嘲諷 (satire) 是較露骨直接的諷刺, 具更高的意圖:以嘲笑人類或
社會的愚蠢, 缺陷或惡行, 來實現改革,改善的目的

Satire is a literary form, found in plays, editorials, social commentaries, political cartoons and graphic and performing arts, which uses irony, sarcasm, derision, ridicule and outrageous exaggerations with wit and humor, often directed at hypocrites, institutions, social standard, traditional behavior, or political situations, to scorn, mock, expose, deride, belittle, and denounce human vice, flaw or folly, the social corruption and the failing of a subject, with the intent to call out a particular issue or truth, so as to provide constructive social criticism and to eventually spur social reform and corrective measures through exposing , diminishing and savagely attacking the opposing views as ludicrous, malicious, or inhumane to manifest the foolishness of their opponents’ beliefs in this world of fraud. 

 

In general, satire uses intense irony or sarcasm.  There are different levels of satire, varying from gentle laughter to harsh attack or criticism.  There is usually a moral stance behind each satire to evoke social reform.     

 

Examples of Satire:

(1)  Joseph Heller’s Catch 22:

In Catch-22, a satirical antiwar novel, we see a sinister and distorted society through the institution of war.  Absurdities of the war, the incompetency of bureaucracy and absolute power of military are prevalent throughout the novel.

Individual life becomes meaningless in this insanity of war.

 

To read Joseph Heller's Catch 22 online, please click on the link Catch-22: a novel - Google Books Result

 

(2)  John Swift’s Gulliver’s Travel:

In Gulliver’s Travel, we see criticism of various aspects of English society in the eighteenth century, reflecting upon issues around religion, human social behavior, pretensions of politics, and societal institutions and the flaw of human nature.   

To read John Swift's Gulliver's Travel online, please click on the link http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/results  <Books at Project Gutenberg are free in the United States because their copyright has expired. They may not be free of copyright in other countries. Readers outside of the United States must check the copyright laws of their countries before downloading or redistributing their eBooks.>  

 

Written By Elisa English

On 8/18/10 in Minneapolis

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